The bitcoin blockchain has several constraints when it comes to scaling to service all our needs on a global level. To overcome these constraints second and third layer solutions are developed to add new features, new support services and cater to different user needs but still remain pegged to the bitcoin main network.
These layers are worked on independently by different developers and companies and each layer has support from different services and exchanges.
These different layers to the Bitcoin blockchain will slowly begin to mature and as they do, integration between them will improve, as for now there is still a high level of experimentation as each layer makes different trade-offs, but it gives us more optionality as users.
Find out more about how they work and interact with each other below.
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The scaling of bitcoin beyond the base chain has seen the expansion of layer two protocols, with unique trade-offs designed to facilitate a certain type